Research papers on Generative Adversarial Networks(GAN’s): A Deep learning model part 2


Photo by Enrico Naletto on Unsplash
  1. A Comprehensive Survey on Data-Efficient GANs in Image Generation(arXiv)

Author : Ziqiang Li, Xintian Wu, Beihao Xia, Jing Zhang, Chaoyue Wang, Bin Li

Abstract : Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) have achieved remarkable achievements in image synthesis. These successes of GANs rely on large scale datasets, requiring too much cost. With limited training data, how to stable the training process of GANs and generate realistic images have attracted more attention. The challenges of Data-Efficient GANs (DE-GANs) mainly arise from three aspects: (i) Mismatch Between Training and Target Distributions, (ii) Overfitting of the Discriminator, and (iii) Imbalance Between Latent and Data Spaces. Although many augmentation and pre-training strategies have been proposed to alleviate these issues, there lacks a systematic survey to summarize the properties, challenges, and solutions of DE-GANs. In this paper, we revisit and define DE-GANs from the perspective of distribution optimization. We conclude and analyze the challenges of DE-GANs. Meanwhile, we propose a taxonomy, which classifies the existing methods into three categories: Data Selection, GANs Optimization, and Knowledge Sharing. Last but not the least, we attempt to highlight the current problems and the future directions.

2.DR-GAN: Distribution Regularization for Text-to-Image Generation(arXiv)

Author : Hongchen Tan, Xiuping Liu, Baocai Yin, Xin Li

Abstract : This paper presents a new Text-to-Image generation model, named Distribution Regularization Generative Adversarial Network (DR-GAN), to generate images from text descriptions from improved distribution learning. In DR-GAN, we introduce two novel modules: a Semantic Disentangling Module (SDM) and a Distribution Normalization Module (DNM). SDM combines the spatial self-attention mechanism and a new Semantic Disentangling Loss (SDL) to help the generator distill key semantic information for the image generation. DNM uses a Variational Auto-Encoder (VAE) to normalize and denoise the image latent distribution, which can help the discriminator better distinguish synthesized images from real images. DNM also adopts a Distribution Adversarial Loss (DAL) to guide the generator to align with normalized real image distributions in the latent space. Extensive experiments on two public datasets demonstrated that our DR-GAN achieved a competitive performance in the Text-to-Image task

3.Sketch guided and progressive growing GAN for realistic and editable ultrasound image synthesis(arXiv)

Author : Jiamin Liang, Xin Yang, Yuhao Huang, Haoming Li, Shuangchi He, Xindi Hu, Zejian Chen, Wufeng Xue, Jun Cheng, Dong Ni

Abstract : Ultrasound (US) imaging is widely used for anatomical structure inspection in clinical diagnosis. The training of new sonographers and deep learning based algorithms for US image analysis usually requires a large amount of data. However, obtaining and labeling large-scale US imaging data are not easy tasks, especially for diseases with low incidence. Realistic US image synthesis can alleviate this problem to a great extent. In this paper, we propose a generative adversarial network (GAN) based image synthesis framework. Our main contributions include: 1) we present the first work that can synthesize realistic B-mode US images with high-resolution and customized texture editing features; 2) to enhance structural details of generated images, we propose to introduce auxiliary sketch guidance into a conditional GAN. We superpose the edge sketch onto the object mask and use the composite mask as the network input; 3) to generate high-resolution US images, we adopt a progressive training strategy to gradually generate high-resolution images from low-resolution images. In addition, a feature loss is proposed to minimize the difference of high-level features between the generated and real images, which further improves the quality of generated images; 4) the proposed US image synthesis method is quite universal and can also be generalized to the US images of other anatomical structures besides the three ones tested in our study (lung, hip joint, and ovary); 5) extensive experiments on three large US image datasets are conducted to validate our method. Ablation studies, customized texture editing, user studies, and segmentation tests demonstrate promising results of our method in synthesizing realistic US images.

4.BEHM-GAN: Bandwidth Extension of Historical Music using Generative Adversarial Networks(arXiv)

Author : Eloi Moliner, Vesa Välimäki

Abstract : Audio bandwidth extension aims to expand the spectrum of narrow-band audio signals. Although this topic has been broadly studied during recent years, the particular problem of extending the bandwidth of historical music recordings remains an open challenge. This paper proposes BEHM-GAN, a model based on generative adversarial networks, as a practical solution to this problem. The proposed method works with the complex spectrogram representation of audio and, thanks to a dedicated regularization strategy, can effectively extend the bandwidth of out-of-distribution real historical recordings. The BEHM-GAN is designed to be applied as a second step after denoising the recording to suppress any additive disturbances, such as clicks and background noise. We train and evaluate the method using solo piano classical music. The proposed method outperforms the compared baselines in both objective and subjective experiments. The results of a formal blind listening test show that BEHM-GAN significantly increases the perceptual sound quality in early-20th-century gramophone recordings. For several items, there is a substantial improvement in the mean opinion score after enhancing historical recordings with the proposed bandwidth-extension algorithm. This study represents a relevant step toward data-driven music restoration in real-world scenarios



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